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Vestibular therapy for Vertigo


What to expect for vestibular therapy?

Vestibular rehabilitation is a specialised form of physiotherapy that focuses on the treatment of dizziness and balance disorders. It is a safe and effective approach that can help individuals improve their balance, reduce falls, and regain their independence. Vestibular rehabilitation is typically recommended for individuals who have experienced vertigo, unsteadiness, or dizziness due to a variety of conditions such as vestibular neuritis, labyrinthitis, Meniere’s disease, and concussion.

The vestibular system, which is located in the inner ear, is responsible for detecting head and body movements and transmitting that information to the brain. When this system is not functioning properly, it can result in dizziness, vertigo, and other balance problems. Vestibular rehabilitation helps to retrain the brain and improve the function of the vestibular system, which can lead to a reduction in symptoms and an improvement in quality of life.

The first step in vestibular rehabilitation is a thorough evaluation by a physiotherapist. This evaluation will include a comprehensive medical history, a physical examination, and a series of tests to assess balance, coordination, and vestibular function. Based on the results of the evaluation, the healthcare professional will develop an individualised treatment plan that may include specific exercises and techniques to improve balance, coordination, and the function of the vestibular system.

Some of the exercises that may be included in vestibular rehabilitation include:

  1. Gaze stabilization exercises: These exercises are designed to improve eye movement control and reduce dizziness during head movements.

  2. Balance training exercises: These exercises focus on improving balance and reducing the risk of falls.

  3. Canalith repositioning maneuvers: These maneuvers are used to reposition displaced crystals in the inner ear and alleviate symptoms of vertigo.

  4. Habituation exercises: These exercises involve exposing the individual to repeated movements that trigger dizziness in order to help them become desensitized to these movements.

  5. Virtual reality training: These exercises aim to recreate real life scenarios where dizziness is experienced to reduce dizziness in such situations.

  6. General fitness exercises: These exercises are designed to improve overall physical fitness and reduce the risk of falls.

Vestibular rehabilitation is a highly effective approach for treating dizziness and balance disorders. However, it is important to remember that the success of the treatment depends on the individual's commitment to the program and their willingness to make lifestyle changes that may be necessary to improve their condition. With proper care and guidance from a trained healthcare professional, individuals with vestibular disorders can achieve significant improvements in their symptoms and quality of life.

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